psychologists believe that when you touch many other thought it must be very careful, because you will never be sure what you will find. For many years, a large number of psychological experiments on this subject has come to a startling conclusion.
note that our object is not to be discussed by those intermittently psychotic; in fact, is what we are talking about you. Following the results of the experiment will not be self-evident:
conformity experiments in laboratory five, AXI (1953)
experimental steps: psychologists Ashe (Solomon Asch) has been a series of research to validate a herd effect, its results will enable all the people who read it are frustrating.
the subjects were told that they would participate along with the others a sight test, then show some pictures, and asks each to answer some very easy and obvious problem. Trap of this test is, in addition to subjects I, common room there are other experimental collaborators for this test, they will be in accordance with the requirements clearly wrong answer is given. Well, most people when an error is made clearer for the mentally handicapped, participants will give different results with others
results: subjects were asked to answer challenges may refer to the following figure shows
do they need only be pointed out that which a segment of the right and left of the line segments of equal length. You see, Ashe’s problem is far from what the next generation space stations that difficulty. To tell the truth, a similar line segment length in this reply on the question of the wrong people, unless you have taken on the morning of two doses of LSD, also rub on the eyeball it (of course this will lead to other, more terrible test, we skip aside).
however, it is regrettable that, when you see the other three people involved in testing when giving the wrong answer, 32% subjects are also given the same wrong answer, even if the line segment length difference achieved several inches also remains the same. Three people spreading reports of a tiger make you believe there is one around. proverb will undoubtedly have been verified.
the results analysis: imagine when the answer to this problem is not so black and white, it is clear when this 32% the proportion will increase to the number. Even if we didn’t understand a joke, we laugh together is more willing to follow the majority when we find ourselves without recognition by most people, we are more inclined to doubt their own point of view. Primary school, we have lived through the peer pressure of competition and courageously to do your own such as encouraging, as if I do not know to return.
well, I should be a lapse from the road alone, quite good. Most of us always say. Of course, it is each one of us, the next step is to look at other lone is doing
then, make sure that yourself with exactly what they do and are not contrary to.
experimental four, good Samaritan
experimental steps: If you haven’t heard a good sub maliyaren (the Good Samaritan) the Bible story, this can be briefly described as follows: a Jew robbed by bandits while sustaining serious injuries, lay by the roadside, priests and the Levites, passing abandoned only a passing sub maliyaren despite barriers, Charity helping him, the story which shows that identification is the standard of people’s minds rather than identity. Therefore, the psychologist John Darley (John Darley) and c-dannierbatesen (c. Daniel Batson) wanted to religious faith to test the impact in helping behaviours.
their subjects is a group of seminary students, half of them give good Samaritan story and asked them in another Seminary in sermons and the other half is required at the same location on the employment opportunities of preaching.
in addition to, a variable reference, subjects were asked to arrive at the sermon at a different time, so some of them may seem in a hurry on the road.
results: student employment opportunities compared to those who prepared speech, students who were given good Samaritan story didn’t fable educational value but with a helping hand. Factors turned out to be actually work they have been in a hurry on the road.
in fact, if the pressure of time, only 10% of the students stopped to provide assistance, even if they are about to preach is how important the topic is stopped to give assistance. But in all fairness, if you are late for class, Professor believes that the way I had to stop to help an injured passenger excuse it? Probably not, unless you can show me the man stained shirt as evidence.
the results analysis: as we like to joke as said by, an anti-gay male members may be found together with a man in love, calling for environmental protection of the United States former Vice President Al Gore (Al Gore) may have a significant energy consumption mansions
in fact, we members of the public and politicians as hypocritical. After all, and facing a body odor even sporadic compared to for example blood tramp, facing many listeners extroverts should help the stranger is clearly much easier. Therefore, even if is a hypocritical to point out their hypocrisy.
if you believe that the results of these studies is limited to the hypocrisy of seminary students, then please look at the news. Remember that a few years ago, the camera shot at least 12 vehicles refused to pick up lay by the side of the woman who was injured in that scene it?
also as these students, where they will always be a last resort. Drivers may also feel lucky, because they have just turned a detour she, rather than in a tragic car accident that crushed her.
experimental third, bystander apathy
experimental steps: in a woman with murder in 1964, according to news reports, 38 people have seen or heard the case without taking any action. John Darley (John Darley) and bibolatanna (Bibb Latane) wished to verify through research, when people in the group environment, and is unwilling to help.
the two psychologists to invite a number of volunteers involved in the tests. They told the participants, in view of the talks may involve very personal . content (such as discussing topics such as genital size), so that everyone will be separated in different rooms, only use a walkie-talkie to communicate.
in the talks, suddenly fell ill one participants would pretend, of course, this can be heard by other subjects. We’re not entirely sure this information is conveyed to them the other side of the call, and but we make sure words such as Oh my seizures are subjects to hear.
results: when the subject occurrence of the view that apart from those, they are the only person to participate in the discussion, 85% people will be in each other’s pretend volunteered to leave the room when the illness to seek help. A very personal talks with another person (again, most likely referred to problems of genital size) is considered very difficult, in contrast, if forced a man talking to himself in the time left is just pathetic. But in any event, there were 85% people are willing to help; the result is pretty good, isn’t it?
the results analysis: tuiji, in the case of an emergency, if you are client side only one person, your participation in assistance will significantly increase, you will feel this responsibility with the 100%. However, when you are only one of 10, you will only feel 10% responsibility; the problem is that everyone else also feel 10% of responsibility.
This example before we provide an explanation. If next to a wounded woman lying on a deserted Highway, originally a blind eye to drivers may be more willing to stop to help. Irrelevant, of course, they may also be more willing to leave aside, for they knew no one in authority (this is different from the subjects of the experiment, because at least the subjects knew someone at the record and analyze their behavior).